Soldier of Allah 

7. What You Are Required To Do In Ramadan?


We should realize that Allah made Saum (fasting) obligatory on us as a way for us to worship Him: and for the fasting to be acceptable and beneficial, we should observe the following conditions:

* It should be understood that here, like in all other Islamic undertakings, the intention must be made clear that this action is undertaken in obedience to Allah, in response to His command and out of love for Him.

1. Performing the other acts of worship and duties is most important, and Salat in particular, without which no other act of worship is accepted by Allah. Praying in congregation is a great aspect in our religion. Everyone should attend: its reward is twenty seven times greater than that which is performed individually. The Prophet (peace be on him) was just about to burn the houses on those who did not attend the congregational prayers.

2. Refraining from bad behavior such as lying, cheating, music, smoking, backbiting and slandering others to create animosity among them. The Prophet (peace be on him) said: "No slanderer shall enter the Jannah."

3. To be extraordinarily cautious in using the senses, the mind and, especially, the tongue; to abstain from careless and gossipy chats and avoid all suspicious motions.

4. A fasting person preserving the purity of the fast should not be involved in talking behind others, intrigues, aspersions, vilifications, lies, altercations, name-callings and swearing as well as perjuries.

5. The Prophet (peace be on him) further said in an authentic Hadith : Fasting is a shield; so when it is a day of fasting one should not indulge in obscene behavior or glamour, or shout about; if any one quarrels with him or engages him in fight, he should say: 'I am fasting'.

6. Fasting does not mean merely abstaining from eating and drinking the things that break fast. In this sense Allah's Messenger (peace be on him) has also said in an authentic Hadith: " Whoever does not give up lying speech (false statements) and acting on those lies and evil actions etc., Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his Saum (fasting)".[ See Fath Al-Bari, Vol.5, page 18] (3:127-OB)
Desirable Acts:

* It is desirable for all Muslims to strive during this holy month of Ramadan with all kinds of worship like supererogatory prayers, reciting Qur'an with meditation and understanding; most frequently reciting Tasbih (Tasbih means to recite ( Subhan Allah: Allah is glorified)), Tahlil (Tahlil means to recite (La ilaha illa-Allah : There is no God except Allah)), (Tahmid Tahmid means to recite (Alhamdulillah : All praise is to Allah)), Tabkir (Takbir means to recite (Allahu-Akbar : Allah is the Most Great)), Istighfar (Istigfar means to repent and seek forgiveness before Allah for the past sins of the repentant person either by reciting th formulae described in Ahadith or with any words in his own language, sincerely and humbly), and other supplications as mentioned in Shari'ah. A Muslim should also enjoin others for good deeds and prevent from forbidden acts; and also call upon people to Allah. He should also be more sympathetically to the poor and needy persons and strive to do good to the parents, and relatives; render hospitality to neighbors and attend the patients etc. This is in line with the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be on him) "... Allah sees ( in this month) your competitions ( for good deeds) and so He boasts to the angles about you: Show Allah what is better (than this) by yourselves; verily, the wretched are those debarred from Allah's Rahmah (grace)."

* The Prophet (peace be on him) is reported to have said: " Whoever wants the approachment of Allah in this month (Ramadan) by any of his good deeds is like the one who performs obligatory prayer in other months. And whoever performs an obligatory prayer in this month is like the one who performs seventy obligatory prayer in other months."

The Prophet (peace be on him) also said: " Umrah in Ramadan is like Hajj" - or he said - "like Hajj with me".

There are numerous Ahadith and Traditions which prove the legitimacy of competing and contesting in the various forms of good deeds in the month of Ramadan.

Recitation of the Qur'an and its Virtues:

It is advisable as Sunna that a fasting man spends most of his time reading the Holy Qur'an, devoting himself to worship and offering in close perception of Allah. Increase your remembrance of Allah, and recitation of Qur'an and listening to it, and contemplation of its meanings. Act on it and attend the beneficial discussions in the mosques, and practice I'tikaf in the Masjid at the end of Ramadan (this is Sunnah).

There are two types of Qur'an recitation:
1. Practical recitation which means reading with belief in and application of the orders of Allah and refraining from the unlawful things.

2. Word recitation
There are many Ahadith in which emphasis is laid on the great reward for those who recite the Qur'an. The Prophet (peace be on him) said: "The best of you is he who learns the Qur'an and teaches it". He also said: "The one who excels in reciting the Qur'an will be in the company of the honored angels. The example of the believer who reads the Qur'an is like that of the Utrujah (a citrous fruit) which has a beautiful fragrance and a beautiful taste. While the example of the believer who does not read the Qur'an is like that of the date fruit, it has sweet taste but has no fragrance." He also said: He who recites one letter of the Book of Allah, will be rewarded for it, and the reward will be multiplied in folds."

There are certain suras of the Qur'an that have more value in reciting them. The Prophet (peace be on him) verified that Satan does not enter the house wherein suratul-Baqrah is recited. Particularly when one recites Ayatul -Kursi in the night, as the Prophet (peace be on him) informed, he shall be protected by Allah, and Satan shall not come near him till he wakes up in the morning. Same results may be achieved by the recitation of the last ten verses of Al-Baqra, as well as the last three suras of the Qur'an.

Our pious predecessors used to busy themselves extensively in reciting the Qur'an during the month of Ramadan. It was customary for them not go beyond ten verses before they learned the rulings and the knowledge those ten verses contained.

Ethics Of Reading The Qur'an:

The Qur'an which we recite contains the actual words of Allah revealed to Muhammad (peace be on him). Therefore, we should observe the following when reciting it:
1. Seek refuge in Allah before reading it. (viz. A'oothu bilahi minash-shaitanir-rajeem).

2. Set the intention that the recitation thereof is purely to seek the pleasure of Allah alone.

3. Recite with an alert heart that you may comprehend its contents, imagining while reciting that Allah is speaking to you through the Qur'an.

4. Make sure you are clean before touching the Qur'an. Do not read it when you are in the state of impurity (i.e. if you need ghusul).
5. Do not read the Qur'an in lavatories or similar places.

6. Read it slowly with pleasant sound and rhythm.

7. Prostrate wherever a verse requires prostration.
* Be mindful of the fast of Ramadan, and get your children used to it when they are able to endure it, and beware of breaking the fast of Ramadan without excuse. And beware of doing so openly in front of people. Because breaking the fast is audacity with Allah, and disrespect for Islam, and shamelessness among people. And you should realize that the one who doesn't fast, doesn't really have an 'Eid (festival) because the 'Eid is the occasion of great happiness for those who completed the fasts and hope their worship to be accepted.

Take advantage of fasting to give up smoking, which causes cancer, high blood pressure and other disease; try to make a firm conviction to leave it by night as you left it by day. Save your health and you money.

Do not overeat at the time of breaking the fast, as the benefit of fasting is cancelled and it is not healthy.

Do not waste your time by going to movies or watching television.

Do not stay up so late at night that you are not able to wake up for Sahur (the predawn meal) or Salat-ul-Fajr, and take your duty on early morning.



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