Soldier of Allah 

8. Muzdalifah


8. Proceeding from `Arafah to Muzdalifah

1. Details
2. Proof
3. Jurisprudence
4. Prohibited Acts
5. Map
6. Timing
 

8. Muzdalifah 1. Details

The Almighty Allah says, "Then when ye pour down from (Mount) `Arafah, celebrate the praises of Allah at the Sacred Monument and celebrate His praises as He has directed you, even though, before this ye went astray."

It is desirable to increasingly repeat Talbiah on every occasion, and this is one of the most outstanding amongst them all. Also, the pilgrim should recite the Holy Qur'an, and supplicate for Allah earnestly and abundantly. It is preferred for him to say, "There is no god but Allah, and Allah is the Greatest", then, to pronounce the following invocation: "To You, O Allah! I long. And only You, O Allah! I desire. Accept my acts of worship, guide me, provide me with more than what I ask Thee for, do not frustrate me, for Thou art the most Generous One. O Allah! I ask Thee to bestow on me, in this sacred place, all kinds of good, and to mend all my affairs, and to protect me against all kinds of evil. Only You can do this and only You can bestow these upon me." Then, one should pick up seven pebbles in the size of a pea.

8. Muzdalifah 2. Proof

1- Allah, the Almighty, says, "Then when ye pour down from (Mount) `Arafah, celebrate the praises of Allah at the Sacred Monument, and celebrate His praises as He has directed you."

2- According to Jabir's hadith: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) left Muzdalifah, he addressed the people, "O people! adhere to tranquillity."

3- According to Usamah's hadith: Then, the Prophet (peace be upon him) left `Arafah. In Al-Shi`b, he got off to urinate and perform ablution. Then, I (Usamah) said, "O Apostle of Allah! (Is it time for) Prayer?" He (the Prophet) said, "It will be performed at the time (when we arrive in Muzdalifah)." Upon reaching Muzdalifah, he got off and performed a thorough ablution. Then Prayer was established. The Prophet then performed the Sunset Prayer. Everybody knelt their camel and arranged their belongings. Then, the Prophet commanded that Iqamah be declared for the Night Prayer which he performed. Thus, he performed no (supererogatory) Prayer between them.
 

8. Muzdalifah 3. Jurisprudence
 
No. ACTIONS RULES
HANAFI MALIKI SHAFI`I HANBALI
1. Arriving at Muzdalifah before dawn on the Day of Sacrifice It is sufficient a moment after dawn It is sufficient during the time span of settling down and performing Sunset and Night prayers It is sufficient even for a moment in the second half of the night It is necessary to spend the night therein
2. Continuous Talbiah and remembrance of Allah while leaving for Muzdalifah Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory
3. Combining Sunset and Night Prayers at the time of the latter while in Muzdalifah Necessary Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory
4. Bathing before staying at Muzdalifah after midnight Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory
5. Moving quickly in Muhassir Valley Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory
6. Staying in Muzdalifah after dawn on the Day of Sacrifice and before sunrise Necessary Supererogatory Supererogatory and said to be necessary Necessary
7. Staying in Al-Mash`ar Al-Haram facing the Qiblah and supplicating Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory Supererogatory
8. Stepping into Mina after dawn (before sunrise) Supererogatory It is permissible to proceed after the dawn and before the sunrise Supererogatory Supererogatory



8. Muzdalifah 4. Prohibited Acts
 
No. ACTIONS RULES
HANAFI MALIKI SHAFI`I HANBALI
1. Leaving out spending the night at Muzdalifah Nothing required Nothing required A ewe is required A ewe is required
2. Leaving out standing at Muzdalifah A ewe is required Nothing required A ewe is required A ewe is required
3. Coming to Muzdalifah after the dawn of the Day of Sacrifice A ewe is required A ewe is required A ewe is required A ewe is required



8. Muzdalifah 5. Map





8. Muzdalifah 6. Timing

Time for Performing the Ritual

It begins from the dawn of the Day of Sacrifice, the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah (the Shafi`i and Hanbali scholars, however, permit performing the ritual at the second half of the night of the Day of Sacrifice), to the sunrise of the Day of Sacrifice.




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